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Pipeline Safety
Identifying Pipelines
Pipeline Safety

Underground natural gas pipelines are sometimes identified by markers placed

at intervals along pipeline rights-of-way. Markers display 24-hour emergency telephone numbers and might provide other identifying information. They are generally placed where needed to indicate the presence of a pipeline, such as where

a pipeline easement intersects a street, railroad, or river, and in heavily congested areas. Pipeline markers are important to your safety. It's a federal crime to willfully deface, damage, remove, or destroy any pipeline sign or right-of-way marker. While the markers are very helpful for indicating the presence of pipelines in the area, they don't show the exact location, depth, or how many pipelines are in the right-of-way. Don't rely solely on the presence or absence of a pipeline marker. You must still call 811 before beginning any excavation projects.


From fueling our cars to heating our homes, natural gas and oil are part of everyday American life. Pipelines are the safest

and most efficient way to transport these products across our nation. Out of sight

and out of mind, they are an integral part of our country’s ever-expanding energy infrastructure. These underground transportation highways fill a vital public need by transporting natural gas and petroleum products to heat homes, fuel electric generation plants, power vehicles,

and increase U.S. energy security.

It is important for individuals living or working near pipelines to contribute to pipeline safety by knowing how to recognize pipeline locations in their area, recognizing unauthorized activity or abnormal conditions near pipelines, and knowing how to react

in the unlikely event of a pipeline leak

or emergency.

Be familiar with these markers and what they provide:

The product transported in the pipeline

The name of the pipeline operator

The telephone number where the operator can be reached in an emergency


Markers clear
Examples of pipeline markers


Pipeline Right of Way

 A right-of-way agreement, or easement, gives a person or entity the right to use a strip of land owned by someone else for a particular purpose, such as a pipeline route, but does not convey ownership. There are two types of easements: temporary and permanent.

 A temporary easement is the identification and utilization of additional surface area above and adjacent to the pipeline that will be used during the construction phase. This type of easement agreement will specify the amount of time needed to complete construction and the specific uses allowed by the landowner. The surface owner will in turn receive compensation for the temporary use of the easement and surface damages, such as loss of vegetation, surface grade and roads. After construction of the pipeline is finished, the pipeline company will take measures to restore the right-of–way to near its original condition, as specified in the easement.

 Once the pipeline is complete and the right-of-way restored, a permanent easement is established that provides the pipeline company with a permanent, limited interest in the land so that the company may operate, test, inspect, repair, maintain, replace and protect its pipelines on the property owned by others. Surface owners retain ownership of the land involved in a permanent easement, but may be restricted in their future use of the land to ensure the pipeline's integrity and safety.

 Landowners should always use caution and call 811 prior to beginning any excavation, construction

or burning on pipeline rights-of-way on their property. Once you call 811, the pipeline operator will be notified and a representative will be sent out to locate the pipeline if necessary.

 Since pipelines are generally buried underground, pipeline markers and warning signs are used aboveground to indicate the general location of buried pipelines. Markers are placed at strategic locations to indicate the presence of a pipeline, including: rivers, railroad and street crossings,

along pipeline rights-of-way, and other public access areas.

Pipeline 1 Small


Damage to a Pipeline or Meter

Leaking gas from any damaged pipeline

or gas meter could cause a fire, explosion, property damage, and serious bodily injury.

Follow these guidelines if you encounter

a leaking gas pipe or meter:

• REMAIN calm.

• DON'T light a match, candle or cigarette.

• DON'T turn electrical devices on or off, including light switches.

• DON'T start an engine or use any device, including a telephone, which could cause

a spark.


and from a safe location call York County Natural Gas 24/7 at 1-866-201-1001.

• CALL 911 promptly after evacuating the area if the damage results in a natural gas leak that may endanger life, cause bodily harm, or cause property damage.

• DO NOT attempt to control the leak

or repair the damaged pipe or meter.

• DO NOT use or turn off any equipment that could cause a spark. Motorized or electrically powered equipment or vehicles may create

an ignition source if a gas leak is present. Safely abandon any motorized or powered equipment or vehicles. Gas leaking from

a plastic pipe can create static electricity that can ignite the gas.

> Even if you do not suspect a leak, but you suspect damage to the pipeline, you should call YCNGA at 1-866-201-1001,

available 24/7.


Pipeline 2







Suspect a Leak?

If you do, leave the premises immediately and call the dedicated emergency line from a cell phone or a neighbor's phone:


or call 911 

Quick Guide: Signs of a Natural Gas Leak

What You See

  Abnormally high pilot flame

  Vapor cloud/mist

  Dirt/debris blown in air

  Collection of dead insects

  Abnormal dead/dying vegetation

What You Smell
  Rotten egg-like odor
What You Hear
  Unusual hissing/roaring

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